Government should regulate the ownership of land and industry to reduce socio-economic inequalities. It also limits the powers of the government by providing some rights to the citizens which cannot be violated. Answer: What made this change possible was the determination of the South African people to work together, to transform bitter experience into the binding glue of a rainbow nation. To obtain a clear and crisp overview of all the concepts from this Chapter, students can browse through these CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 2 Constitutional Design. (a) Jawaharlal Nehru What is a Preamble? Vedantu quickly provides online constitutional design Class 9 NCERT solutions Chapter 3, in fact, NCERT solutions for Class 9 SST constitutional design to help the students learn the concept. They did not see it as a sacred, static and unalterable law. Many important political leaders were also its members. In Indian Constitution, the Secular means _______ . First, some basic principles were decided and agreed upon. Answer: The new Constitution gave to its citizens the most extensive rights available in any country. This was a traumatic experience for the people of India and Pakistan. The people of South Africa have of agreed that everybody should become a part of the solution, whatever they might have done or represented in the past. Question 3. What was apartheid? Liberty: Every citizen will have the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. The Indian Constitution is a very long, detailed document. In social terms too, the Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. As such, they desired that the Indian Constitution should be able to adapt itself to the changing conditions or circumstances. TopperLearning provides Class 9 study materials such as CBSE Class 9 chapter notes, CBSE Class 9 practice tests, CBSE Class 9 video assessments, CBSE Class 9 weekly tests and more. The Assembly was dominated by the Indian National Congress but with leaders having different opinions. The members deliberated for 114 days spread over three years. No one should treat a fellow citizen as inferior. The Constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone. Answer: Question 5. The white minority, on the other hand, wanted to protect its privileges and property. 28 years. The official policy of racial separation of ill treatment of blacks followed by the government of South Africa was called _______ . Answer: No, Mahatma Gandhi was not a member of the Constituent Assembly. The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. Elected Members: The drafting of the document called the Constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. Specifications: It specifies how the government will be constituted, who will have the power to take which decisions. M ultiple Choice Questions of Constitutional Design 1. Who amongst the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly of India? They made up about three fourth of the population. Then, a Drafting Committee chaired by Dr. B.R. Explain the major factors which contributed to the making of our Constitution. Answer: Today the determination of the people of South Africa to work together, without bearing any grudges against the white regime in looked upon with great respect. HOTS Which was the first organisation that led the first against Apartheid? All the proceedings and discussions in the Constituent Assembly have been recorded and preserved as what we call the ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. It came into force on January 26, 1950. Explain the different key words used in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution. 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Answer: But, the Congress itself included a variety of political groups and opinions. This is called the Preamble to the constitution. What is its importance? In 1928, Motilal Nehru and eight other Congress leaders drafted a constitution for India which marked the beginning of this process. Bloodshed would have taken place. (i) Sovereign: People have supreme right to make decisions on internal as well as external matters. V8Q 1950, Question 13. No external power can dictate the government of India. fraternity: All the citizens of India have been assured about the dignity of individual and the unity and integrity of the nation. Free Question Bank for 9th Class Social Science Constitutional Design Very Short Answer Type Questions - Constitutional Design Enter OTP OTP has been sent to your mobile number and is valid for one hour This defines a word given in Preamble of our Constitution which is _______ . It was the official policy of ill treatment of blacks followed by government of South Africa. Basic principlesVwere decided. They could work in white areas only if they had a permit. Question 8. What is meant by segregation? Name the organisation who launched protest marches and strikes against the policies of segregation. “The apartheid system was particularly oppressive for the blacks.” Justify by giving three reasons. He was also the first President of India. The whites agreed to the principle of majority rule that of one person one vote. It was not going to be easy for them to trust each other. The elected members drafted the document called the Constitution. Explain with five facts the transition from Apartheid to democracy and multi-racial government take place in South Africa. Question 11. She was among the foremost women leaders in the Congress. (ii) Socialist, Who was the President of Constituent Assembly? Answer: NCERT Solutions is available for Class 6 to 12 solved by expert teachers from latest edition books (2018-2019) and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. So Republic Day is celebrated on the 26th of January , every year. What is meant by ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’? (ii) Socialist: Wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society. With reference to the Indian Constitution answer the following questions: In his concluding speech to the Constituent Assembly, Dr. Ambedkar said that India was entering a life of ‘contradictions’ on 26th January, 1950. He was the Prime Minister of the interim government. Why is India called ‘a Republic’? Lakhs of people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. Racial discrimination, Question 17. Answer: Answer: Answer: Trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools, public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks. The drafting of the document called the constitution was done by an assembly of elected representatives called the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly was also divided into the Constituent Assembly of India and that of Pakistan. At the midnight of 26 April, 1994. to prepare for exams in Class 9 . Question 29. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Dr. B.R. Secular—It is based on the freedom of religion. The values that inspired and guided the freedom struggle and were, in turn, nurtured by it, formed the foundation for India’s democracy. 1. They could not even visit the churches where the whites worshipped. Answer: How was it oppressive for the blacks? Women would enjoy the same rights as men. Solution: The Indian Constitution is a detailed document. Why should we accept the Constitution made by the Assembly more than fifty years ago? Because it contains the philosophy on which the entire constitution has been built. As per the Cabinet Mission Plan (1946), a Constitution-making body, called the Constituent Assembly, was formed. You should also read Basic GK Questions and Answers for a huge collection of GK Questions. Answer: Trains, buses, hospitals, schools, cinemas, public places and public toilets were all separate for the whites and blacks. Question 2. So. HOTS Question 12. Answer: Apartheid was the name of a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. “The Constituent Assembly was the representative body of the people of India.” Explain with examples. Atleast ten lakh people were killed on both sides of the border in partition related violence. This is because the rulers could not misuse their powers. Several rounds of thorough discussion took place on the Draft Constitution, clause by clause. Those who crafted the Indian Constitution felt that it must be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. (viii), Justice. Who was Rajendra Prasad? The Assembly had many members who did not agree with the Congress. (ii) The Constitution was enforced on 26th January, 1950. This ensured a fair geographical share of members from all the regions of the country. The Indian Constitution is neither wholly rigid nor wholly flexible. Answer: Some Constitutional experts like Alladi Krishna Swarny Aiyer, Dr. B.R. The constitution of a country is a set of written rules that are accepted by all people living together in a country. The British Consitution (based on Conventions). Mandela spent 28 years in South Africa’s most dreaded prison, Robben Island. (i) When were its elections held? The white racist government continued to rule by detaining, torturing and killing thousands of black and coloured people. Answer: When did the process of the Making of the Indian Constitution begin? The non whites did not have any voting rights. Rajendra Prasad was bom in Bihar. Tryst with Destiny, Question 11. An assembly of people’s representatives that writes a constitution for a country is _______ . These debates provide the rationale behind every provision of the Constitution. They worked for 114 days and spread over three years. All of us should behave as if we are members of the same family. As the supreme law of the country, the constitution determines the rights of citizens, the powers of the government and how the government should function. Quote the Preamble of our constitution. Question 8. Or (v) Liberty, It means citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion, but there is no official religion. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity. Here we have provided Class IX Civics Chapter 2 Very Short Type Questions i.e. D ownload CBSE Sample Papers for Class 9 in PDF format and NCERT Solutions, sample papers and exam papers for class 9, test papers, chapter assignments with answers for practice, Previous year CBSE CCE Examination Board papers for Summative Assessment 1 (SA – I) and Summative Assessment 2 (SA – II), Periodicals and Annual papers of Delhi, Outside and … (ii) Some of the main provisions of our Constitution and their original sources are given below: (iii) (a) This is to be noted that our Constitution-makers did not imitate what others had done. The country was born through a partition on the basis of religious differences. White Europeans imposed this system on South Africa. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. Answer: Question 10. CBSE papers with answers and for chapter 3 Constitutional Design class 9th Social Science Political Science includes practice question papers with 10-12 questions in each test paper. The Drafting Committee, chaired by Dr. B.R. They were allowed to work there only with permit. Question 11. Minorities like the Anglo-Indians had Frank Anthony as their representative. Answer: ... Institutions make it difficult to have a good decision taken very quickly. First some basic principles were decided and agreed upon. Mention any one feature of a Foreign Constitution which inspired the constitution makers of the Indian Constitution. Answer: What were the difficulties faced during the making of Indian Constitution? Answer: And Long Type Questions. As the supreme law of the country, the Constitution determines the rights of citizens, the powers of the government and how the government should function. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Political Science Constitutional Design Class 9 Social Science book solutions are available in PDF format for free download. The practice of Parliamentary democracy has been adopted from Great Britain. People have the supreme right to make decisions, Question 8. Solution: The apartheid government came to an end, paving way for the formation of a multi-racial government. Online Test of Chapter 3 Constitutional Design Test 1 Civics (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. Who was the first president of the newly born democracy in South Africa? CBSE Class 9 Civics Worksheet - Constitutional Design - Practice worksheets for CBSE students.Prepared by teachers of the best CBSE schools in India. The whites agreed to the principle of majority rule and that of one person, one vote. Name the South Africa leader who opposed As a ‘Living Document’, it has to be in accordance with people’s aspirations and changes in society. were separate for the whites and blacks. These changes are called the ‘Constitutional Amendments’. Apartheid was the name bf a system of racial discrimination unique to South Africa. The traditional social inequalities have to be ended. After passing of the Resolution, an Advisory Committee and various other committees were formed by the Constituent Assembly. He thought India as a country where the people of all communities would live in perfect harmony. Even the churches were separate. Answer: Question 12. ” We, the people of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and secure to all its citizens justice, social, economic and political. Solution: What is the full form of ANC? ‘Republic’ in consent to our constitution means _______ . Question 19. The Constituent Assembly that wrote the Indian Constitution had 299 members. National Movement: Our national movement was not merely a struggle against a foreign rule. It was never considered as a static, sacred and unalterable law. Ambedkar prepared a Draft Constitution for discussion. Answer: That is, there are some rules that can be amended by a simple majority while some need two-third majority. Ambedkar, Mrs. Sarojini Naidu and Sardar Baldev Singh were its important members, who guided the discussion in the Constituent Assembly. Indian Constitution Important Questions Free Online Test with Answers Very useful for all Competitive What is Constitution? This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 38557 times. There were separate trains, buses, taxis, hotels, hospitals, schools and colleges, libraries, cinema halls, theatres, beaches, swimming pools and public toilets, for the whites and blacks. Several key words have been used in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution : (i) WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA: The constitution has been drawn up and enacted by the people through their representatives, and not handed down to them by a king or any outside powers. The Draft Constitution was passed or adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949. Feb 16, 2021 - Constitutional Design – Constitution : MCQ’s, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. The black majority was keen to ensure that the democratic principle of majority rule was not compromised. Free PDF download of NCERT solutions for Class 9 Social Science (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter 2 - Constitutional Design. These are used to interpret the meaning of the Constitution. What is the significance of the phrase ‘We the people of India’ in the Preamble? (ii) Who was its President? Although Mahatma Gandhi was not a member of the Constituent Assembly, there were many members who followed his vision. Answer: The Preamble speaks of equality of status and opportunity Equality of status means all are equal in the eyes of law and all have equal protection of law. It is an autobiography of Nelson Mandela. What is apartheid? Give three reasons. They guide all the articles of the Indian Constitution. Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups. This study enabled the makers of the Constitution to select the best provisions from different sources but on our own terms. He played very important role in integration of the Indian princely states. Discussions of several rounds occurred clause by clause. Question 25. Citizens have complete freedom to follow any religion. Munshi were also there. Skip to content NCERT Solutions PDF CBSE Notes - Books - Guide Select Class Home Class 6 Class 7 Class … After 28 years of imprisonment, Nelson Mandela walked out of the jail as a free man. “The South African Constitution inspires democrats all over the world” Comment. Every document presented and every word spoken in the Constituent Assembly was recorded and preserved. In South Africa, the white racist government continued to rule by detaining, torturing and killing thousands of black and coloured people. (iii) Secular, What determines the rights of citizens and the powers of the government? (v) Liberty: There are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they think, how they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action. Question 21. Nelson Mandela was made the first President of this new democracy. Or Indian Constitution is a very long and detailed document. Blacks could not form associations or protest the terrible treatment. The government is run according to some basic rules. These are called ‘Constituent Assembly Debates’. (vi) REPUBLIC: The head of the stats is an elected person and not a hereditary . Question 2. The Constituent Assembly worked in a systematic, open and consensual manner. (iv) 26th November, 1949. Major shortcomings of the constitution can be removed. The African National Congress. The ideals written in the Preamble of the Constitution are as under : Question 5. Question 9. What is secularism? It provides a standard to examine and evaluate any law and action of government, to find out whether it is good or bad. What provision has been made to incorporate changes in the Constitution and why? Both the movements were fighting against the whites of Europe who had come to these countries as trading companies. There are certain basic rules that the citizens and the government have to follow. Answer: Mention the landmark years in the making of the Indian Constitution. Question 16. India adopted the principle of liberty, freedom and justice from the French Constitution. DEMOCRATIC CONSTITUTION IN SOUTH AFRICA Question 5. Question 10. The Constituent Assembly was elected mainly by the members of the existing Provincial Legislatures. Explain. Question 18. (viii) LIBERTY: There are no unreasonable restrictions on the citizens in what they think, how they wish to express their thoughts and the way they wish to follow up their thoughts in action. It has provisions to incorporate changes from time-to-time. What do we call a state where head of the state is an elected and not a hereditary person? It is Secular, as there is no State religion in India. Solution: They had also studied the various Acts passed by the British Government and the iesoiiK.ons adopted by the Congress Party. Question 8. Answer: Answer: Question 13. Vedantu provides you with a competitive edge by providing step-by-step answers to all the questions provided in the book of NCERT Social Science Democratic Politics. The makers of the Indian Constitution did not see it as sacred, static and unalterable law. The above-mentioned points prove that the Constituent Assembly maintained a democratic attitude. Role of Leaders: Leaders like Moti Lai Nehru, Jawahar Lai Nehru and others had played very important role in making of Indian Constitution. Answer: More than two thousand amendments were considered. On the social platform, the Assembly was represented by members from different language groups, castes, classes, religions and occupations. What were the steps involved in the framing of the Indian Constitution? With reference to the Constituent, Assembly, answer the following questions: The people of South Africa, need a constitution because : Question 10. Answer: Question 11. The preamble is an introductory part of the Constitution. The system of public toilets, were all separate for the whites and blacks. Government should work for the welfare of all, especially of the disadvantaged groups. Answer: a) Dr Rajendra Rights and Duties: It lays down the limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are. (iii) SOCIALIST: Wealth is generated socially and should be shared equally by society. The Indian Constituent assembly had 299 members. Answer: The people of South Africa struggled against the apartheid in the following way: Question 2. The politics should be based on the principle of one man one vote and one vote one value. Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship among people living in a territory (called citizens) and also the relationship between the people and government. When the Constitution was being written, the future of the country did not look as secure as it does today. Hots answer: at the midnight of 26 April, 1994, Question.! 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