sumatrensis. Conservation status: Critically endangered Growing to just 5 feet tall, the Sumatran rhino is the smallest remaining rhinoceros species. The Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is very close to extinction in Indonesia. Human induced habitat change and hunting may have played a role in the Late Pleistocene. The 25-year-old female named Iman died on Saturday on the island of Borneo, officials say. The Sumatran rhinoceros, also known as the hairy rhinoceros or Asian two-horned rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), is a rare member of the family Rhinocerotidae and one of five extant species of rhinoceros. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law.  The rhinos usually consume up to 50 kg (110 lb) of food a day. Sumatran rhinos are split into about a dozen subpopulations based on their geographical location and have no gene exchange. There are now fewer than 100 members of the species living in fragmented habitats across the islands of Sumatra in Indonesia  The sanctuary's two males were born at the Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden. , D. s. harrissoni, known as the Bornean rhinoceros or Eastern Sumatran rhinoceros, which was once common throughout Borneo; now only about 15 individuals are estimated to survive. The night-time footage showed the rhino eating, peering through jungle foliage, and sniffing the film equipment. Some Sumatran rhinos, however, live in areas where salt licks are not readily available, or the rhinos have not been observed using the licks.  The horns are dark grey or black in color. Washington, DC 20037. Learn more. , The specific epithet sumatrensis signifies "of Sumatra", the Indonesian island where the rhinos were first discovered. WWF also supports the establishment of “Intensive Protection Zones” that receive enhanced enforcement, along with captive breeding facilities to help safely grow population numbers. The Sumatran rhinoceros once thrived in rain forests and swamps across India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and China.. Their numbers have fallen dangerously low in … , In March 2016 there was a rare sighting of a Sumatran Rhino in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo. The Sumatran Rhino is now extinct in Malaysia. The Javan rhino is one of the rarest large mammals on earth, and was declared extinct in Vietnam in 2011. Updated November 23, … Typically, the rhino will wallow around midday for two to three hours at a time before venturing out for food. These rhinos may get their necessary mineral requirements by consuming plants rich in minerals. Once considered extinct, the Sumatran rhino … The Sumatran rhinoceros has become extinct in Malaysia, after the last of the species in the country succumbed to cancer. Based on a genetic analysis of DNA from a Sumatran rhino named Ipuh (pictured above), who lived at the Cincinnati Zoo for 22 years until his death in 2013, the species' population was as low as just 700 individuals 9,000 years ago. , Females become sexually mature at the age of six to seven years, while males become sexually mature at about 10 years old. Sumatran rhinos compete with the Javan rhino for the unenviable title of most threatened rhino species. There are more Sumatran rhinos than Javan. One hypothesis suggests the Sumatran rhinoceros is closely related to the black and white rhinos in Africa, evidenced by the species having two horns, instead of one. , Despite the recent successes in Cincinnati, the captive-breeding program has remained controversial. They are also the most endangered rhino species.  In addition to the…  Among the most common plants the rhino eats are many species from the Euphorbiaceae, Rubiaceae, and Melastomataceae families. Cincinnati Zoo's Sumatran Rhino Makes History with Second Calf", "Rare baby Sumatra rhinoceros named a 'gift from God, http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/index.php?s=1&act=refs&CODE=ref_detail&id=1469019235, US-born endangered Sumatran rhino arrives in ancestral home of Indonesia on mating mission, "Only three Sumatran Rhino left in Malaysia", "Puntung euthanised leaves Malaysia with just two Sumatran rhinos", "Malaysia's last Sumatran rhino Iman dies, species now extinct in the country", "Malaysia's last male Sumatran rhino Tam dies", "Malaysia's last known Sumatran rhino dies", "Last male Sumatran rhino in Malaysia dies", "Rare Sumatran rhino calf born in Indonesia", "Endangered pregnant Borneo rhino caught on camera", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sumatran_rhinoceros&oldid=986747220, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Sumatran rhinoceros at Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary in Lampung, Indonesia, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 19:38. The track and tally exercise, was planned to be completed in three years. Kim Bellware.  Three males and four females currently live in captivity at the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary at Way Kambas, the youngest male having been bred and born there in 2012. Because of poaching, numbers have decreased more than 70% over the last 20 years, with the only viable populations now in Indonesia. WWF works with the Indonesian government and other organizations to assess how at risk each sub-population is, and to identify immediate protection needs. The skin itself is thin, 10–16 mm (0.39–0.63 in), and in the wild, the rhino appears to have no subcutaneous fat. , D. s. lasiotis, known as the Northern Sumatran rhinoceros or Chittagong rhinoceros, which once roamed India and Bangladesh, has been declared extinct in these countries. It is the smallest rhinoceros, although it is still a large mammal; it stands 112–145 cm (3.67–4.76 ft) high at the shoulder, with a head-and-body length of 2.36–3.18 m (7.7–10.4 ft) and a tail of 35–70 cm (14–28 in). Sumatran rhino habitat is being lost or degraded by invasive species, road construction, and encroachment for agricultural expansion. They are covered with long hair and are more closely related to the extinct woolly rhinos than any of the other rhino species alive today. By Staff The Associated Press. It is the only extant species of the genus Dicerorhinus. KOTA KINABALU (THE STAR/ASIA NEWS NETWORK) - The Sumatran rhino is now extinct in Malaysia, as the last known specimen, a cancer-ridden female named Iman died at the Borneo Rhino … The World Wildlife Fund, which took the video, has used it in efforts to convince local governments to turn the area into a rhino conservation zone. , D. s. sumatrensis, known as the Western Sumatran rhinoceros, which has only 75 to 85 rhinos remaining, mostly in the national parks of Bukit Barisan Selatan and Kerinci Seblat, Gunung Leuser in Sumatra, but also in Way Kambas National Park in small numbers. Make a symbolic rhino adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. , In August 2016, there were only three Sumatran rhinos left in Malaysia, all in captivity in the eastern state of Sabah: A male named Tam and two females named Puntung and Iman. A role in the wild, this species has primarily been driven by a demand rhino. 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