They contended that because of Sudan's lack of a direct border with the EAC at the time, its allegedly discriminatory actions toward black Africans, its record of human rights violations, and its history of hostilities with both Uganda and South Sudan, it was ineligible to join. , Some have questioned the extent to which the visions of a political union are shared outside the elite and the relatively elderly, arguing that the youthful mass of the population is not well informed about the process in any of the countries. Category: EAC Procurement OpportunitiesType: ConsultancyTag: East African Health and Research Commission (EAHRC), EAC Gazette | Vol. The EAC Vision 2050 articulates the dreams and aspirations of the East African peoples and makes a commitment to what they will do to achieve these dreams.  Technical work is also needed to harmonise and modernise the customs procedures in the EAC's major ports of entry.  Rwanda has a distinctive political culture with a political elite committed to building a developmental state. Structural tranformation of the industrial and manufacturing sector through value addition and product deversification based on comparative advantage for regional competitive advantage. Kinyarwanda is spoken in Rwanda and Uganda. Museveni's success in obtaining his third-term amendment raised doubts in the other countries. Trade in goods and services has already increased as service provision to Kenyans and Tanzanians is already important for Uganda (in education and in health). Each year, new immigrants from the Arab world choose California as their new home more than any other state. The EAC is a potential precursor to the establishment of the East African Federation, a proposed federation of its members into a single sovereign state. There are signs of a business culture oriented to making profits through economies of scale and not on protectionism. The EAC was revived on 30 November 1999, when the treaty for its re-establishment was signed. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. These cards will identify the holder as a dual citizen of their home country and of "East Africa". - You say you want a federation", "FACTBOX-East African common market begins", "East African trade bloc approves monetary union deal", "Ready for a United States of East Africa? Numerous local languages are also spoken: for example, there are 56 local languages spoken in Uganda and 42 local languages in Kenya. It was reported that South Sudan could be admitted as early as November 2015 when the heads of East African States had their summit meeting. Tom Collins reports.  Discussions are also under way between the EAC and the USA on the launch of Trade and Investment Partnership (TIP) negotiations. Taking a Gendered Approach to Community Trauma in San Diego’s East African Refugee Community. East African Community (EAC) The East African Community (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) finalised the negotiations for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU on 16 October 2014. The multinational firms with their regional headquarters in Nairobi include Google, Coca-Cola, and Toyota.  However, the construction of a new port in Kenya, known as the Lamu Port is underway. , Business leaders are far more positive than economists about the benefits of EAC integration, its customs union as a step in the process, as well as the wider integration under COMESA. ", East African trade zone off to creaky start, We Celebrated at EAC Collapse, Says Njonjo, "South Sudan: Big trading potential for EAC", "South Sudan: Rwanda Hopeful of South's Strategic Link to North Africa", "South Sudan to link to Kenya oil pipeline", "South Sudan needs African neighbours to survive", "South Sudan delays membership in regional bloc", "Uganda says South Sudan likely to join EAC in 2014", "Ugandan MPs oppose South Sudan joining East African community", "Tanzania warms up to South Sudan membership", "allAfrica.com: East Africa: EAC to Decide On South Sudan Admission by April 2014". There were also plans for a political union, the East African Federation, with a common President (initially on a rotation basis) and a common parliament by 2010. This body aimed to strengthen the ties between the members through a common market, a common customs tariff, and a range of public services to achieve balanced economic growth within the region.  This represents a significance decrease from what was previously the maximum in Kenya (35%), Tanzania (40%) and Uganda (15%). Leverage on the tourism and services value chain and building on the homogeneity of regional cultures and linkages. Learn about our East Africa Program. Countries of the East African Community include Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, Rwanda, and South Sudan. East African Community East African communities in Minneapolis originate mainly from Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and Kenya.  Others have pointed to an enhanced sense of East African identity developing from modern communications.  In 2013, a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years. 30th November is recognized as EAC Day across the region. At the 14th Ordinary Summit held in Nairobi in 2012, EAC heads of state approved the verification report that was presented by the Council of Ministers, then directed it to start the negotiation process with South Sudan. Because the East African Community is fully committed to the goal of political integration, it is able to game plan for a united polity in a way that the European Union cannot. The Republic of South Sudan was admitted and became a full member of EAC on 5th September, 2016. Following independence, the East African High Commission is replaced by the East African Common Services Organisation (EACSO), which many observers thought would lead to a political federation between the three territories. It came into force on 7 July 2000, 23 years after the collapse of the previous community and its organs. The assembly has been credited with crucial bills, particularly those regarding regional and international trade, including EAC's stand on issues such as the World Trade Organization and transport on Lake Victoria.. This provided a customs union, a common external tariff, currency, and postage. Negotiations in 2014 for an EU-EAC Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) ran into difficulties with the January 2014 negotiating session failing to conclude the negotiations, which were scheduled to be completed before 1 October 2014. The Speaker of the Assembly is Dan Kidega from Uganda who replaced Margaret Zziwa also from Uganda, after being impeached; she had succeeded Abdirahin Haithar H. Abdi from Kenya. upon completion the Bagamoyo port under construction in Tanzania will be the second largest port in Africa, with a capacity to handle 18.9 million cargo containers a year.  From a trade-integration perspective, the EAC may not be the best chosen unit, because the current trade between the three countries is small compared to their external trade, and the EAC's 105 million citizens do not represent a large market in global terms, given the very low average incomes. In 1967, the EACSO was superseded by the EAC. The State of California has the largest number of Arab Americans in any state, with the Los Angeles area constituting the largest cluster in the state. The organisation was founded in 1967, collapsed in 1977, and was revived on 7 July 2000.  The East African passport has been introduced as a travel document to ease border crossing for EAC residents. , A team was formed to assess South Sudan's bid; however, in April 2014, the nation requested a delay in the admissions process, presumably due to ongoing internal conflict. , On 17 September 2011, the Daily Nation quoted a South Sudanese MP as saying that while his government was eager to join the EAC, it would likely delay its membership over concerns that its economy was not sufficiently developed to compete with EAC member states and could become a "dumping ground" for Kenyan, Tanzanian, and Ugandan exports. The EAC contains 5 cities with populations of over one million, the largest being Dar es Salaam.  In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the EAC agreed to an expanded free trade area including the member states of all three organizations. Arbitrary rules and delays continue to make trade between Kenya and Tanzania expensive and difficult. The customs union between Kenya and Uganda in 1917, which Tanganyika joined in 1927, was followed by the East African High Commission (EAHC) from 1948 to 1961, the East African Common Services Organization (EACSO) from 1961 to 1967, and the 1967 to 1977 EAC. © 1999 - 2020 East African Community.  The concerns of large-scale manufacturing and agro-processing concerns are not broadly shared by the bulk of available labour. Fast-tracking political union was first discussed in 2004 and enjoyed a consensus among the three presidents of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. Terrorists based in Somalia pose a security threat to the United States, while piracy off the Somali coast affects U.S. economic interests and has led to the murders of U.S. citizens. Kenya is a member nation of both regional organizations. The scope of cooperation among the Partner States is spelt out in the Treaty for the Establishment of the East Afri… "Successes and Failures of the East African Community - The Best of Africa", "Tanzania: Fast-Tracking Political Federation", "Kenya: Tears for Mt Elgon As Schools Re-Open", "Uganda: Sabiny Demand Land As K'jong Raids Reduce", "Daily Times | Malawi News | Sunday Times | The Weekend Times", "COMMUNIQUÉ OF THE 14TH ORDINARY SUMMIT OF EAC HEADS OF STATE", "East African body rejects S. Sudan, Somalia membership bids", "Not yet, S. Sudan and Somalia told by East Africa Community", "EAC split on Khartoum's bid to join community", "Why Sudan's EAC application was rejected", "Final stage of EPA negotiations generating tensions between EAC members", "Launch of EAC–US TIP negotiations potentially complicated by other trade agreements", "Five East African Nations to Declare Common Market Tomorrow", "Kenya fetes EAC Common Market with work permit fee waiver", "Kenya: Traders Say Common Market Yet to Benefit Them", "What are the goodies in the EAC Common Market Protocol? , The new treaty was proposed with plans drawn up in 2004 to introduce a monetary union with a common currency, the East African shilling, some time between 2012 and 2015.  In 2013 a protocol was signed outlining their plans for launching a monetary union within 10 years. Three EAC countries border Lake Victoria.  It does not yet participate to the same extent as the other members. This program combines academic study with immersion in a challenging, non-Western cultural setting. Improvement of agricultural productivity and value addition. East African Community P. o Box 1096 Arusha – Tanzania. Malawian Foreign Affairs Minister Etta Banda said, however, that there were no formal negotiations taking place concerning Malawian membership. AT 1 – No. Had it been approved, the visa would have been valid for all three current member states of the EAC (Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda). , In September 2018 a committee was formed to begin the process of drafting a regional constitution.  Kenya, Rwanda and Burundi have already agreed to waive work permit fees for EAC citizens. 146 East African jobs available on Indeed.com. , There remain significant political differences between the states. Fellow Syrians and other community groups are filling that gap.  Free movement of labour may be perceived as highly desirable in Uganda and Kenya, and have important developmental benefits in Tanzania; however, in Tanzania there is widespread resistance to the idea of ceding land rights to foreigners, including citizens of Kenya and Uganda. Under the proposal for the visa, any new EAC single visa could be issued by any member state's embassy. Since being inaugurated in 2001, the EALA has had several sittings as a plenum in Arusha, Kampala, and Nairobi. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's tallest peak, located in Tanzania. According to the most recent Censuses and Estimates, David Booth, Diana Cammack, Thomas Kibua and Josaphat Kwek (2007), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, East African Common Services Organization, List of companies and organisations based in Nairobi, Industry, Sci.  Yet, there have been concerns that rapid changes would allow popular reactionary politics against the project.  The application was considered by the EAC Heads of State in December 2012, which requested that the EAC Council work with Somalia to verify their application.  It is valid for travel within the EAC countries only and will entitle the holder to a multi-entry stay of renewable six months' validity in any of the countries. RWANDA. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 21:38. Effective and sustainable use of natural resources with enhanced value addition and management.  Kenya expects that its citizens will begin to enjoy freedom of movement in the EAC within two months. A common system of tariffs will apply to goods imported from third-party countries. Many of the national elites old enough to remember the former EAC often share memories and a sharp sense of loss at its eventual dissolution. In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA), th… Presidents Daniel arap Moi of Kenya, Ali Hassan Mwinyi of Tanzania, and Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda signed the Treaty for East African Co-operation in Kampala on 30 November 1993 and established a Tri-partite Commission for Co-operation. The Protocol for the establishment of the. The East African Community (EAC) is the regional inter-governmental organisation of the 6 Partner States, namely the Republics of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, the United Republic of Tanzania, and the Republic of Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.  For these, the shared vision for a politically united East Africa is commendable and a potential driver for change. ", "Kenya Fights Off Port Competition With $13 Billion Plan: Freight", "Logistics: China Builds The Biggest Port In Africa", "Live Trading commences at Nairobi Stock Exchange", "Single East African visa for tourists coming in November", "East Africa geared for single tourist entry visa program", "In 2014: a single East African visa for seamless traveling", https://www.knbs.or.ke/?wpdmpro=2019-kenya-population-and-housing-census-volume-i-population-by-county-and-sub-county, "Ministers Sign Memorandum of Understanding", German and East African Community Cooperation, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN / SAD), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS / EEAC), Southern African Development Community (SADC), Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=East_African_Community&oldid=991401292, International organizations based in Africa, Regional Economic Communities of the African Union, Articles containing Swahili (macrolanguage)-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with obsolete information from February 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles needing additional references from March 2017, Articles needing additional references from April 2016, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  The three member states lost over sixty years of co-operation and the benefits of economies of scale, although some Kenyan government officials celebrated the collapse with champagne.. The platform is designed as a one-stop shop for the information needs of African women in business.  As of June 2019, Somalia's application has been frozen due to instability in the country.  Research suggest the promised investments on the conditions of life of the region's overwhelmingly rural poor will be slight, with the significant exception of agro-industrial firms with out-grower schemes or that otherwise contribute to the co-ordination of smallholder production and trade. East Africa is one of the most conflicted and poorly-governed corners of the world. Kenya and Rwanda signed the EPA in September 2016, and Kenya has ratified it. The EAC is an integral part of the African Economic Community.  Kenyan businesses complain that the benefits of the Common Market only exist on paper by 2011, and that all the work remains to be done.  Member states will have to change their national laws to allow the full implementation of some aspects of the Common Market such as immigration and customs.  Third generation cards are already in use in Rwanda with Kenya set to introduce them in July 2010 and the other countries following afterwards. U.S. policymakers face the challenge of protecting national security while helping tackle the poor governance May 6th, 2020 - … The East African Community (EAC) is a regional intergovernmental organisation of six (6) Partner States, comprising Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda, with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania. Apply to Data Analyst Manager, Intelligence Analyst, Program Manager and more! , On 1 July 2010, Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki launched the East African Common Market Protocol, an expansion of the bloc's existing customs union that entered into effect in 2005. We collected up to 188 ads from hundreds of job boards for you!  The larger economic players perceive long-term benefits in a progressively expanding regional market. These nations fall below par in different measures of economic activities such as GDP per capita, population below the poverty line, unemployment, and trade. 50 Million African Women Speak is a digital platform which is available via web and as a mobile App. On 20th May, 2017, the EAC Heads of State adopted the, EALA Passes Key Bill on Protecting Lake Victoria, EAC Business Women set to reap benefits from Moringa Sector, East African Community and Germany agree to continue and deepen longstanding partnership, Agriculture, Food Security and Rural Development, Natural Resources & Environment Management. East African Community definition: an association established in 1967 by Kenya , Uganda , and Tanzania to promote closer... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Additionally, EAC has been an attractive foreign direct investment hub.  More substantial impact could be attained by a new generation of investments in world-market production based on the region's comparative advantages in natural resources (especially mining and agriculture) and the new tariff structure creates marginally better conditions for world-market exporters, by cheapening inputs and by reducing upward pressures on the exchange rate.  More cynically, others have argued that this historical ambition provides politicians with the ability to present themselves as statesmen and representatives of a greater regional interest. Dissolution of the first East African Community. , The geographical region encompassed by the EAC covers an area of 2,467,202 square kilometres (952,592 sq mi), with a combined population of about 173,583,000.. Infrastructure development in the region. , Representatives of Somalia applied for membership in the EAC in March 2012. The capital of the EAC is Arusha, while the most populous city is Dar es Salaam, both of which are in Tanzania. & Tech., Energy, Natural Resources, & Environment, New Partnership for Africa's Development E-School Program, Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis, Intergovernmental Authority on Development, Economic Community of Central African States, Economic Community of West African States, "Development and Promotion of Extractive Industries and Mineral Value Addition", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "A political union for east Africa? The visa proposal followed an appeal by the tourist boards of the partner states for a common visa to accelerate promotion of the region as a single tourist destination and the EAC Secretariat wanted it approved before November's World Travel Fair (or World Travel Market) in London. 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